Danish top court to decide if coughing a crime in COVID-19

In an appeal hearing to start on Thursday, Denmark’s top court are going to be asked to make a decision if coughing at someone while shouting ‘corona’ constitutes threatening behavior.

The 20-year-old defendant within the case was arrested in March, when the country was under a full coronavirus lockdown, after subjecting police to what prosecutors called the ‘ruthless and thoughtless’ actions during a routine traffic stop. He subsequently tested negative for Covid-19.

First acquitted during a local court, he was later convicted of the offense at Denmark’s Western supreme court , and, at his Supreme Court appeal against that conviction, prosecutors are seeking a jail term of three to 5 months. The Supreme Court is predicted to offer its verdict within the coughing case on February 18.

Other similar incidents of coughing directed at police were reported in Denmark last year, partially a mirrored image of simmering public discontent in some quarters against the government’s handling of the Covid-19 crisis.

The government, which says it follows a ‘precautionary principle’ in managing the virus, enjoyed almost unequivocal public support for swift action against Covid-19 early last year.

But opposition parties have begun to question what some consider an excessively cautious approach as infection rates fall, and 30 percent of Danes now think, the government’s measures are too far-reaching, consistent with a recent Aarhus University study.

Prime Minister Mette Frederiksen in the week said lifting the lockdown required ‘complete epidemic control’.

In recent months, thousands have taken to the streets in protests, some violent, calling for authorities to ease lockdown curbs which they assert limit their freedom and are crippling businesses.

Virologists, health authorities, and therefore the government have defended the present curbs – which have locked down most of the county aside from essential shops – as vital to contain more infectious coronavirus variants, notably ones first identified in Britain and South Africa , that have reached Denmark.

Global temperatures temporarily raised due to COVID-19 lockdowns

The counterintuitive finding highlights the influence of airborne particles, or aerosols, that block incoming sunlight.

When emissions of aerosols dropped last spring, more of the Sun’s warmth reached the earth , especially in heavily industrialized nations, like the USA and Russia, that normally pump high amounts of aerosols into the atmosphere.

“There was an enormous decline in emissions from the foremost polluting industries, which had immediate, short-term effects on temperatures,” said NCAR scientist Andrew Gettelman, the study’s lead author. “Pollution cools the earth , so it is sensible that pollution reductions would warm the earth .”

Temperatures over parts of Earth’s land surface last spring were about 0.2-0.5 degrees Fahrenheit (0.1-0.3 degrees Celsius) warmer than would are expected with prevailing weather , the study found.

The effect was most pronounced in regions that normally are related to substantial emissions of aerosols, with the warming reaching about 0.7 degrees F (0.37 C) over much of the USA and Russia.

The new study highlights the complex and sometimes conflicting influences of various sorts of emissions from power plants, automobiles , industrial facilities, and other sources.

While aerosols tend to decorate clouds and reflect heat from the Sun back to space, CO2 and other greenhouse gases have the other effect, trapping heat near the planet’s surface and elevating temperatures.

Despite the short-term warming effects, Gettelman emphasized that the long-term impact of the pandemic could also be to slightly slow global climate change due to reduced emissions of CO2 , which lingers within the atmosphere for many years and features a more gradual influence on climate.

In contrast, aerosols — the main target of the new study — have a more immediate impact that fades away within a couple of years.

The study was published in Geophysical Research Letters. it had been funded partially by the National Science Foundation, NCAR’s sponsor. additionally to NCAR scientists, the study was co-authored by scientists at Oxford University , Imperial College, and therefore the University of Leeds.

Teasing out the impacts

Although scientists have long been ready to quantify the warming impacts of CO2 , the climatic influence of varied sorts of aerosols — including sulfates, nitrates, black carbon, and mud — has been harder to pin down. one among the main challenges for projecting the extent of future global climate change is estimating the extent to which society will still emit aerosols within the future and therefore the influence of the various sorts of aerosols on clouds and temperature.

To conduct the research, Gettelman and his co-authors used two of the world’s leading climate models: the NCAR-based Community Earth System Model and a model referred to as ECHAM-HAMMOZ, which was developed by a consortium of European nations. They ran simulations on both models, adjusting emissions of aerosols and incorporating actual environmental condition in 2020, like winds.

This approach enabled them to spot the impact of reduced emissions on temperature changes that were too small to tease call at actual observations, where they might be obscured by the variability in atmospheric conditions.

The results showed that the warming effect was strongest within the mid and upper latitudes of the hemisphere . The effect was mixed within the tropics and relatively minor in much of the hemisphere , where aerosol emissions aren’t as pervasive.

Gettelman said the study will help scientists better understand the influence of varied sorts of aerosols in several atmospheric conditions, helping to tell efforts to attenuate global climate change .

Although the research illustrates how aerosols counter the warming influence of greenhouse gases, he emphasized that emitting more of them into the lower atmosphere isn’t a viable strategy for slowing global climate change .

“Aerosol emissions have major health ramifications,” he said. “Saying we should pollute isn’t practical.”

Story Source:

Materials provided by Imperial College London. Original written by Caroline Brogan. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.

Climate change could have played a direct role in the emergence of SARS-CoV-2

Photo by Tommy Pequinot on Unsplash

A new study published today in journal Science of the Total Environment provides the primary evidence of a mechanism by which global climate change could have played an immediate role within the emergence of SARS-CoV-2, the virus that caused the COVID-19 pandemic.

The study has revealed large-scale changes within the sort of vegetation in the southern Chinese Yunnan , and adjacent regions in Myanmar and Laos, over the last century.

Climatic changes including increases in temperature, sunlight, and atmospheric CO2 — which affect the development of plants and trees — have changed natural habitats from tropical shrubland to tropical savannah and deciduous woodland.

This created an appropriate environment for several bat species that predominantly sleep in forests.

The number of coronaviruses in a neighborhood is closely linked to the amount of various bat species present. The study found that a further 40 bat species have moved into the southern Chinese Yunnan within the past century, harbouring around 100 more kinds of bat-borne coronavirus. This ‘global hotspot’ is that the region where genetic data suggests SARS-CoV-2 may have arisen.

“Climate change over the last century has made the habitat within the southern Chinese Yunnan suitable for more bat species,” said Dr Robert Beyer, a researcher at the University of Cambridge’s Department of Zoology and first author of the study, who has recently taken EU research fellowship at the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, Germany.

He added: “Understanding how the worldwide distribution of bat species has shifted as a results of global climate change could also be a crucial step in reconstructing the origin of the COVID-19 outbreak.”

To get their results, the researchers created a map of the world’s vegetation because it was a century ago, using records of temperature, precipitation, and cloudiness . Then they used information on the vegetation requirements of the world’s bat species to figure out the worldwide distribution of every species within the early 1900s.

Comparing this to current distributions allowed them to examine how bat ‘species richness’, the amount of various species, has changed across the world over the last century because of global climate change .

“As global climate change altered habitats, species left some areas and moved into others — taking their viruses with them.

This not only altered the regions where viruses are present, but presumably allowed for totally new interactions between animals and viruses, causing more harmful viruses to be transmitted or evolve,” said Beyer.

The world’s bat population carries around 3,000 different kinds of coronavirus, with each bat species harboring a mean of two .7 coronaviruses — most without showing symptoms.

A rise within the number of bat species during a particular region, driven by global climate change , may increase the likelihood that a coronavirus harmful to humans is present, transmitted, or evolves there.

Most coronaviruses carried by bats cannot jump into humans. But several coronaviruses known to infect humans are very likely to possess originated in bats, including three which will cause human fatalities: Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) CoV, and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) CoV-1 and CoV-2.

The region identified by the study as a hotspot for a climate-driven increase in bat species richness is additionally home to pangolins, which are suggested to possess acted as intermediate hosts to SARS-CoV-2.

The virus is probably going to possess jumped from bats to those animals, which were then sold at a wildlife market in Wuhan — where the initial human outbreak occurred.

The researchers echo calls from previous studies that urge policy-makers to acknowledge the role of global climate change in outbreaks of viral diseases, and to deal with global climate change as a part of COVID-19 economic recovery programmes.

“The COVID-19 pandemic has caused tremendous social and economic damage. Governments must seize the chance to scale back health risks from infectious diseases by taking decisive action to mitigate global climate change ,” said Professor Andrea Manica within the University of Cambridge’s Department of Zoology, who was involved within the study.

“The proven fact that global climate change can accelerate the transmission of wildlife pathogens to humans should be an urgent warning call to scale back global emissions,” added Professor Camilo Mora at the University of Hawai’i at Manoa, who initiated the project.

The researchers emphasised the necessity to limit the expansion of urban areas, farmland, and hunting grounds into natural habitat to scale back contact between humans and disease-carrying animals.

The study showed that over the last century, global climate change has also driven increases within the number of bat species in regions around Central African Republic , and scattered patches in Central and South America.

California emerges as new front of anti-vaccine

Written By: Manny Fernandez © 2021 The New York Times Company The New York Times
Los Angeles, United States of America

LOS ANGELES — An out-of-work stand-up comic originally from New Jersey. An actor and conservative podcast host wearing a white laboratory coat. A gadfly who has run several unsuccessful campaigns for Congress in l. a. . And a minimum of a couple of who had been in Washington the day of the Capitol riot.

They were among the motley crew of so-called anti-vaxxers who recently converged on the doorway of the mass vaccination site at Dodger Stadium to protest the distribution of a coronavirus vaccine.

The loosely formed coalition represents a replacement faction in California’s long-established anti-vaccine movement. and therefore the protest was the newest sign that Californians became the unlikely standard-bearers for aggressive criticism of the vaccines whilst virus cases still spread within the state.

California, which has averaged 500 daily deaths tied to the virus over the past week, will soon become the state with the most important number of coronavirus deaths, surpassing NY .

For months, far-right activists across the country are rallying against mask-wearing rules, business lockdowns, curfews and native public health officials, casting the government’s response to the virus as an intrusion on individual liberties. But as masks and lockdowns become an increasingly routine part of American life, some protesters have shifted the main target of their anti-government anger to the COVID-19 vaccines.

Last week at Dodger Stadium, an equivalent small but vocal cord of demonstrators who previously staged anti-mask and anti-lockdown protests within the l. a. area disrupted a mass vaccination site that provides a mean of 6,120 shots daily. About 50 protesters — some carrying signs reading “Don’t be a lab rat!” and “COVID = Scam” — marched to the doorway and caused the l. a. local department to pack up the city-run site for about an hour.

The disruption illustrates the increasingly confrontational bent of a number of the state’s vaccine opponents, who have long claimed that mandatory school vaccine laws represent governmental overreach. Many were already skeptical about vaccine science, having read online disinformation sites that claimed infancy vaccines caused autism, an allegation long refuted.

In California, the anti-vaccine movement has been popular for many years among Hollywood celebrities and wealthy parents, gaining momentum as state lawmakers passed one of the nation’s toughest mandatory vaccination laws for youngsters in 2015. Previously, parents had opted out of vaccinations by seeking exemptions claiming that vaccines conflicted with their personal beliefs, but the law eliminated that option. the recognition of these exemptions led to immunization rates that dropped to 80% or lower at public and personal schools and preschools in Beverly Hills, Santa Monica, and other affluent l. a. area communities.

“Anti-vaccine attitudes are as old as vaccines themselves,” said Richard Carpiano, who may be a professor of public policy and sociology at the University of California, Riverside, and who studies the anti-vaccine movement. “The other thing that gets tied into this is often the wellness movement, this concept that natural is best. There’s a broader quite mistrust of massive Pharma, and about medical aid and medical professions. there’s this real marketplace for the discontent that these groups can really quite seize upon.”

In the COVID-19 era in California, vaccine opponents have found themselves increasingly in alignment with pro-Trump, working-class people sometimes wanting to embrace extreme tactics to precise their beliefs.

Anti-vaccine activists within the state have long been aggressive sometimes. But within the past two years, and within the months of the coronavirus pandemic, there has been an uptick in confrontational and threatening tactics.

They assaulted a lawmaker in Sacramento and threw menorrhea onto legislators within the Senate chambers at the state Capitol in 2019, and last spring they helped pressure the chief health officer in Orange County to resign by publicly revealing the official’s home address. Last month, a fortnight before the stadium vaccination protest, a gaggle of girls threatened lawmakers at a budget hearing at the Capitol, telling senators that they were “not taking your shot” which they “didn’t buy guns for nothing.”

“I think the thing that’s most concerning is that they’re escalating,” said state Sen. Richard Pan, a pediatrician, and Democrat who wrote vaccination legislation. Pan was struck within the back in 2019 by an anti-vaccine activist and was the likely target of the blood-throwing incident within the Senate chambers that year.

“This movement not only puts out mis- or disinformation about vaccines or lies about vaccines, which in itself are often harmful, but they’re also aggressively bullying, threatening and intimidating people that try to share accurate information about vaccines,” he said.

Protesters who attended and helped organize the Dodger Stadium demonstration said they didn’t plan to enter the location and didn’t block the doorway. They blamed firefighters for overreacting to their presence and shutting the gates and said their goal was to teach those expecting vaccinations but not prevent them from driving inside to urge their shots.

One of the protesters, a 48-year-old actor whose given name is Nick and who asked that his surname not be published due to death threats the group had received, said he didn’t believe that any of the protesters were a part of previously established anti-vaccine groups within the state. “This has all stemmed as a result of this whole COVID-19 crisis,” he said. “It started with the mask-wearing and evolved to now worrying over the vaccine. It’s all about civil liberties.”

The lead organizer, Jason Lefkowitz, 42, a stand-up comic and server at a Beverly Hills restaurant, said the catalyst for the stadium protest was the death of Aaron , the baseball legend who died at the age of 86 on Jan. 22.

Aaron was vaccinated for the coronavirus in Atlanta on Jan. 5, and anti-vaccine activists, including Robert F. Kennedy Jr., have seized on his death to draw a link. The Fulton County doctor has said there was no evidence that he had an allergic or anaphylactic reaction to the vaccine.

“I’m not a violent person,” Lefkowitz said. “Nobody in my group is violent or physical or anything, but there are tons of individuals that don’t want to require this vaccine or be forced into it.”

No one was arrested, but city officials, including the captain, were disturbed by the symbolism and therefore the global headlines — that a little group of vaccine opponents had temporarily packed up one among the country’s largest vaccination sites and was walking and chanting mask-free among older residents waiting in their cars for his or her vaccine appointments.

“The optics of it’s that it appeared that the protesters were ready to symbolically interfere thereupon line and that I think that we have a greater public responsibility to make sure that that symbolism isn’t repeated,” Chief Michel Moore told the l. a. Police Commission at a virtual meeting.

Protesters were getting to return to Dodger Stadium and were more energized by the eye than discouraged by the social media criticism. Lefkowitz said that after the hearth Department shut the gates, he immediately took it as a positive sign for his group.

“They’re indirectly helping us, because now I’m like, ‘Oh, this is often getting to make the news,’” Lefkowitz said.

The ease with which many of the protesters have slipped from anti-mask to anti-vaccine ideology was on display in one Facebook live stream.

A protester at the location, Omar Navarro, a frequent Republican challenger to Rep. Maxine Waters, D-Calif., told his Facebook viewers that he was “100% certain” that voter fraud led to President Joe Biden’s victory; touted the trouble to recall the Democratic governor of California, Gavin Newsom; and called Democrats “the real virus.”

“They want to deceive us,” Navarro said within the video. “They want to regulate us. they need to place this muzzle on our face, this mask, which I don’t use.”

One of the foremost prominent anti-vaccine activists in Southern California, Leigh Dundas, a lawyer, spoke at a rally in Washington the day before the Capitol riot and posted videos on social media as she stood outside the building on Jan. 6, shouting, “This is 1776 everywhere again!”

In May, Dundas led a push to force out Orange County’s chief health officer, Dr. Nichole Quick, over her mask order, which was unpopular within the historically conservative county. Quick received death threats and was given a security detail. During a Board of Supervisors meeting, Dundas ridiculed Quick’s credentials, announced her home address, and said she was getting to have people “do calisthenics in masks on her front doorstep, and when people start dropping like flies, and that they will, I’m getting to ask every single first responder during a 30-mile radius to roll lights and sirens to her front entrance .”

Quick resigned nearly a fortnight later.

Kenneth Austin Bennett, the activist who attacked Pan, the senator, was charged with misdemeanor battery and was scheduled to be re-arraigned during a few weeks. Rebecca Dalelio, who was arrested after throwing blood from the Senate gallery, was charged with felony assault on a public official and felony vandalism and features a preliminary hearing this month. A spokesperson for state Sen. Toni Atkins, the Senate president pro tempore, said a report was filed with enforcement after the ladies made the threatening gun-related remarks in January.

Pan said the shortage of arrests at the Dodger Stadium protest suggested that anti-vaccine extremists would feel emboldened.

“There’s a history of individuals being bullying and intimidating, and there’s little or no consequence for doing this, then they escalate, and that they escalate, and that they escalate,” he said.

France expecting to face another wave of UK variant of coronavirus

While France features a 6 am-6 pm curfew for the past few weeks to contain the widespread of the deadly coronavirus within the country, the cases have did not decrease.

Now, with the new variant of coronavirus from the united kingdom , the cases are being expected to ascertain another spike.

The scientific committee advising the govt of France has warned that another massive spike is predicted very soon, and therefore the experts believe the united kingdom variant cases can rise by 50 percent during a week.

Even though the proportion is low, as of now, the doctors expect the united kingdom variant to become more dominant and spread widely by the first weeks of March at max.

After this warning, the France government has, reportedly, also considered a 3rd lockdown within the country, almost like the united kingdom , Ireland, and Portugal.

This has also increased checking for coronavirus on travelers entering the country through international borders. There has been a rise within the elderly patients of COVID-19.

However, experts have also raised concern that there’s an enormous possibility that a lot of elderly are staying home and ying of coronavirus reception , instead of coming to hospitals, resulting in a discrepancy in official figures.

Paris: 20 firefighters accused of raping minor for 2 years

A woman has revealed that she was raped by 20 firefighters when she was between 13 and 15 years old. Following this revelation, locals of France have begin in support of her.

The victim’s case is being examined in France’s highest court for the allegations made by the girl.

She has accused the firefighters of raping her over a period of two years, while she was a minor. However, three of the accused have agreed to possess sex together with her , but have claimed it had been consensual, and not rape.

However, the victim’s journal — which was written shortly after the incidents — she says she was “terrified and paralysed with fear”.

She has accused a firefighter, Pierre, from the Bourg-la-Reine firehouse in Paris of sending her “affectionate messages” after getting her number from her medical file. She further revealed that he had asked her to undress ahead of the webcam, then passed round her number to his colleagues when she agreed. She has also accused the opposite firefighters of demanding an equivalent from her. “

Pierre had known the girl as he had helped her battle severe anxiety seizures back in 2008 when she was 13 years old. This has come as a shock for her mother too who said she wont to bake cakes for the firemen as a many thanks for helping her daughter through the seizures — which had severely increased after the assaults, resulting in firefighters visiting her house to “help” her nearly 130 times in two years.

“I thought he was the last person to try to to such a thing because he had helped her numerous times and saw how vulnerable she was,” said the victim’s mother.

The victim has also confessed that Pierre had taken her to his apartment while in his full uniform and had raped her. Two of his colleagues later came to his apartment and she or he was subjected to gang rape. This had taken place in November 2009, when was 14 years old.

Two of the accused admitted to having “group sex” with the victim while on duty and in their full uniforms. Another one admitted to having engaged in sexual intercourse within the cubicle of a Paris hospital’s toilet but denied having spotted any signs of restraint or vulnerability from the minor girl.

What has fueled Parisians with anger is that out of the 20 accused, only three are charged with “sexual violation” as of now, but none are charged for rape. In France, the utmost sentence for sexual violation is seven years, which is far less in comparison to twenty years for rape.

“Every stereotype about rape is during this case: the judges and therefore the psychiatrist say Julie may be a liar, that she consented to sex with all those men, which she is lying about being raped because she is ashamed,” said Marjolaine Vignola, the victim’s advocate.

Several feminist groups are now joining hands and marching on the streets of Paris demanding justice for the victim who has been fighting to prove her accusations true for nearly 10 years.

“For 10 years they were fighting alone, now thousands of feminists from everywhere France are joining them,” said Marguerite Stern, from a feminist group l’Amazone. “We are demanding that the firefighters be tried for rape and not ‘sexual violation’. This culture of misogyny in our courts must end.”

Massive flood as glacier breaks off, 150 labourers missing

A glacier broke off in Joshimath in Uttarakhand’s Chamoli district on Sunday, causing a huge arrive the Dhauli Ganga river and endangering the lives of individuals living along its banks. Massive destruction is feared.

More than 150 labourers performing at the Rishi Ganga power project may are directly affected, said State Disaster Response Force DIG Ridhim Aggarwal.

“Representatives of the facility project have told me that they?are?not having the ability to contact around 150 of their workmen at the project site,” she said.

“Though details are awaited, several districts, including Pauri, Tehri, Rudraprayag, Haridwar and Dehradun, are likely to be affected and are placed on high alert.”

Uttarakhand Chief Minister Trivendra Singh Rawat appealed to people to not spread rumours through old flood videos. He said all districts concerned are alerted and other people are asked to not go near the Ganga. Rawat cancelled all his programmes scheduled for the day. he’s likely to go to Chamoli to require stock of things .

ITBP and NDRF teams rushed to flood-hit areas in Uttarakhand to undertake relief and rescue work, officials in New Delhi said

UK struggling to control coronavirus cases in poorer regions

While the amount of coronavirus cases has been decreasing within the UK, an equivalent isn’t being observed for the poorer sections of the country.

According to the analysis of state data, the amount of coronavirus cases per 100,000 people remained higher within the last week of January within the poorer sections of the country instead of the rich ones.

This data, which has been verified by the House of Commons library and compiled by Labour from official statistics, has raised concerns. Scientists believe that when the lockdown ends if this trend continues and a few areas have higher infection rates than others then the virus can spread and lead the country back to face one.

In several areas, the decline in cases was 9 per cent to 14 per cent, whereas the declining percentage was much higher (such as 70 per cent) in other well-off areas like Oxford West and Abingdon constituency within the last week of January.

Some experts believe this gap shows the incompetence of the Boris Johnson-led government which has allegedly did not help the low-income groups of the country.

“Given we’re grappling with new, more infectious variants, a number of which can partially evade vaccines, it’s now more urgent than ever this is often fixed,” Jonathan Ashworth, Labour’s shadow health secretary said. “Without decent financial help, transmission chains won’t be broken these areas. People will remain in danger of illness while Boris Johnson’s promise to ‘level up’ lies in tatters.”

Scientists have also warned the increase within the danger level if people communicate from the better-off areas to those poorer regions that are in peril of upper infection rates.

Internet restored in Myanmar as coup protests grow


Spirit of the thousands of protesters who are marching through the streets of Myanmar’s biggest city saw an uptick on Sunday with the return of internet services that had been blocked each day earlier.

Norwegian telecoms provider Telenor has restored its data network in Myanmar, the corporate said.

“Telenor Myanmar has restored the info network nationwide, following instruction from the MoTC [Myanmar Ministry of Transport and Communications],” the firm said during a statement.

Authorities had cut access to the web because the protests grew Saturday, fanning fears of an entire information blackout. On Sunday afternoon, however, internet users in Yangon reported that data access on their mobile phones had suddenly been restored.

Sunday saw people rallying across Myanmar to denounce last week’s coup and demand the discharge of elected leader Aung San Suu Kyi, within the biggest protests since the 2007 Saffron Revolution that helped cause democratic reforms.

Crowds within the biggest city, Yangon, sported red shirts, red flags and red balloons, the color of Suu Kyi’s National League for Democracy Party (NLD).

“We don’t want military dictatorship! we would like democracy!” they chanted.
In one among the gatherings, a minimum of 2,000 labour union and student activists and members of the general public gathered at a serious intersection near Yangon University.

Massive crowds from all corners of Yangon gathered in townships, filling streets as they headed towards the Sule Pagoda at the guts of the town , also a point during the Buddhist monk-led 2007 protests et al. in 1988.

Spike protein crosses the blood-brain barrier

Summary:-  In a new study, researchers found that the spike protein, often depicted as the red arms of the virus, can cross the blood-brain barrier in mice. The spike proteins alone can cause brain fog. 


And researchers are discovering why. The SARS-CoV-2 virus, like many viruses before it, is bad news for the brain. during a study published Dec.16 in Nature Neuroscience, researchers found that the spike protein, often depicted because the red arms of the virus, can cross the barrier in mice.

This strongly suggests that SARS-CoV-2, the explanation for COVID-19, can enter the brain.

The spike protein, often called the S1 protein, dictates which cells the virus can enter. Usually, the virus does an equivalent thing as its binding protein, said corresponding author William A. Banks, a professor of drugs at the University of Washington School of drugs and a Puget Sound Veterans Affairs Healthcare System physician and researcher. Banks said binding proteins like S1 usually by themselves cause damage as they detach from the virus and cause inflammation.

“The S1 protein likely causes the brain to release cytokines and inflammatory products,” he said.

In science circles, the extreme inflammation caused by the COVID-19 infection is named a cytokine storm. The system , upon seeing the virus and its proteins, overreacts in its plan to kill the invading virus. The infected person is left with brain fog, fatigue and other cognitive issues.

Banks and his team saw this reaction with the HIV virus and wanted to ascertain if an equivalent was happening with SARS CoV-2.

Banks said the S1 protein in SARS-CoV2 and therefore the gp 120 protein in HIV-1 function similarly. they’re glycoproteins — proteins that have tons of sugars on them, hallmarks of proteins that bind to other receptors. Both these proteins function because the arms and hand for his or her viruses by grabbing onto other receptors. Both cross the barrier and S1, like gp120, is probably going toxic to brain tissues.

“It was like reminder ,” said Banks, who has done extensive work on HIV-1, gp120, and therefore the barrier .

The Banks’ lab studies the barrier in Alzheimer’s, obesity, diabetes, and HIV. But they put their work on hold and every one 15 people within the lab started their experiments on the S1 protein in April. They enlisted long-time collaborator Jacob Raber, a professor within the departments of Behavioral Neuroscience, Neurology, and Radiation Medicine, and his teams at Oregon Health & Science University.

The study could explain many of the complications from COVID-19.

“We know that once you have the COVID infection you’ve got trouble breathing and that is because there’s infection in your lung, but a further explanation is that the virus enters the respiratory centers of the brain and causes problems there also ,” said Banks.

Raber said within the ir experiments transport of S1 was faster in the neural structure and kidney of males than females. This observation might relate to the increased susceptibility of men to more severe COVID-19 outcomes.

As for people taking the virus lightly, Banks features a message:

“You don’t want to mess with this virus,” he said. “Many of the consequences that the COVID virus has might be accentuated or perpetuated or maybe caused by virus getting into the brain and people effects could last for a really while .”

This study was partially supported by a National Institute on Aging-funded COVID-19 supplement to a shared RF1 grant of Banks and Raber.